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Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nandurbar (M.S.)



Introduction

The Nandurbar district is situated between 730-310 and 740-320 East longitude, 210-000 and 220-030 North latitude. The district is surrounded by Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Dhule district. The district is classified as Tribal district as ST population constitutes about 62.3% of the total population. The larger part of the geographical area is covered under forest area and ranges of Satpuda hills. The literacy rate among men and women is 66.3% and 45.6% respectively. This is adversely compared with the state average of 86.3% and 67.5% respectively. Rural population accounts 85% of the total population out of which 73.2% families live below poverty line.

The economy of the district is dependent on agriculture. The agricultural techniques and practices followed in the district are of traditional type. Due to illiteracy, poverty and lack of communication. Most of the tribal population still believes in superstition and beliefs.


Problem identification

The North side of the district is covered by ranges of Satpuda hills. One tehsil of our district namely Akrani is situated in this hilly area. Most of the farmers are marginal farmer. The tribal of this area are known as Pawara. they speak the pawari dialect. This area is badly affected by the child deaths due to malnutrition.

Year No. of villages Total Geog-raphical area (ha.) Area under kharif crops (ha.) Area under different crops (ha.)
        Green gram Black gram Red gram Ground nut Other pulses
2002-03     18046 44 1515 416 1703 34
2003-04 163 239764 20095 400 2500 1360 1150 2775
2004-05     18865 775 1955 975 1350 1150


On addition to the above facts this area was suffering from attacks of Hairy caterpillar since last 3 years. This pest particularly attacks on Kharif crops especially Green gram, Black gram, Redgram, Groundnut. The affected crops e.g. Green gram, Black gram, Redgram, Groundnut constitutes 70% protein component in day to day diet of the tribalís. Lack of protein in day to day diet aggravates the malnutrition scenario.

The attack of the pest is so high i.e. 80% of the area under Green gram, Black gram, Redgram, Groundnut and other pulses was adversely affected. It could not be controlled by individual farmer. KVK, Nandurbar decided to tackle the situation. Remoteness of the area, lack of collective activity and language are the main constraints.

After analyzing the situation, need for mass movement and training of the groups was found to be necessary to control the attack of Hairy caterpillar.

KVK intervention : Preparation of Educational CD in tribal dialect (Pawari)
This 15 minutes educational CD includes

i) cropping pattern of the district

ii) pest affected areas

iii) life cycle of the hairy caterpillar

iv) Control measures.



Extension : A) This educational CD was demonstrate by following agencies in the pest affected area.

i) State Agriculture Department
ii) BAIF (NGO)
iii) Watershed Organisation Trust (NGO)
iv) PKBSM (NGO)
v) Jan Shikshan Sansthan (NGO)
vi) Janarth (NGO)
vii) KVK, Nandurbar
viii) Technology Transfer Club
ix) Individual farmer

B) Village covered: 80 (out of 163)

C) Number of tribal viewer : 5000

The very first attempt of KVK, Nandurbar in Maharashtra to publish an educational CD in Tribal dialect on Management of Hairy Caterpillar has proved to be a land mark.
The CD was published at the hands of Dr.Vijaykumar Gavit, Hon. Tribal Minister of Maharashtra State.